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5th Grade Math Worksheets

What Are Students Learning in 5th Grade Math Class? - As you reach higher grades, you are expected to enhance your learning capacity. Higher grades call for more knowledge, practice and understanding of deeper and complex concepts. In 5th grade, the math curriculum entails vast concepts of whole numbers, decimals up-to hundredths places, division and multiplication of multi-digit whole numbers. The curriculum is divided into chapters with each chapter building learning and enhancing the previously acquired skills. 5th grade mathematics curriculum also involves interactive and prompt stories for better understanding of concepts. Let's find out what students are learning in 5th grade math class. 1. Operations with Integers - Carry out all mathematical operations with whole using exponents and order of operations. Also identify prime numbers through factorization process and apply problem solving strategies to real life situations. 2. Decimals - Students read and write fractions to the thousandths place, use them in conjunction with the number line, add, subtract, multiply and divide, and identifying and converting decimals to percentage. 3. Fractions - Use of mixed numbers, improper fractions, simplifying and making equivalent fractions, and developing relationships between fractions, decimals, and percentages. 4. Algebra - Identification of algebraic patterns, equations, application of mathematical operations through activities, and worksheets requiring that you solve for integers and algebraic patterns, as well as equations. For some quick reminders, we also have 5th Grade Math Posters.

Operations and Pre-Algebra




What is in the 5th Grade Math Curriculum?

There seem four common themes throughout the 5th grade math curriculum. They include the mastery of operations with whole numbers, basic operations with fractions, decimal operations to the hundredths, and the geometry portion surrounds having a sound understanding of the concept of volume. Many people ask us how they should be pacing their lessons and units. To be honest there is no one way to do this effectively. We decided to get all of our teachers that have taught 5th grade for three or more years together for a cup of coffee and here is how we would approach it collective.

Most teachers often start with what could be considered a bit of a review with the multiplication and division operations. At this level, we are pushing for mastery meaning utter fluency with these operations regardless of the number of digits included in the multiplicand, multiplier, dividend, or divisor. For multiplication that means that we are way past the times tables by now. We are focused on long multiplication. Long division is the norm here where we are routinely dividing four-digit values by three-digits. Students are expected to have their divisibility rules and factors down pat, but it does not hurt to review these students early in the class. You never know what they did over the summer or the quality of their previous instruction.

Once they are solid with their operations with whole numbers, we like to introduce the concept of fractions and decimals at the same time. We only introduce decimals at this point and come back to them in the next unit. Start by showing students how to fully manipulate fractions through equivalency, common denominators, writing improper fractions, and mixed numbers. Once they have a handle on these concepts working in operations with fractions is a cinch. Add and subtraction of fractions goes pretty easy, multiplication and division of fractions requires almost double the amount of practice for students to get it.

We previously explored working with decimals, so we are not covering new material here. Decimals were as a nice pivot from fractions. It is important to help students understand the significance of place value in decimals. It helps by starting to have them compare decimals before you start working on operations. Just like fractions the addition and subtraction breeze by, multiplication and division are a bit of a bear here with decimals. Students often lose track of the decimal point throughout the process. It is important to help them maintain focus on where this belongs throughout.

The geometry and measurement portions of the 5th grade curriculum do break some new ground. There is a great deal of emphasis placed on the meaning and calculation of volume. We also look to understand that attribute within three dimensional geometric shapes. We learn how to classify and name all types of shapes and figures. The coordinate graph is not only introduced, but we help students learn how to become comfortable with using and manipulating it to solve real world problems. For the most part our staff used it for solving distance and direction problems that are related to map skills.