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Kindergarten Word Problems

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Aligned To Common Core Standard:

Kindergarten - K.OA.2

What Types of Word Problems Do You See In Kindergarten? Kindergarten students only deal with problems that involve addition and subtraction. However, teachers try to add creativity to the problems. In some instances, students learn the relationship of numbers before they go for solving the problem. Let us discuss the concept in the form of an example. Claudia put ______ fish food flakes in the fish tank before she goes to school, and _____ few more when she got back home. How many flakes did she put in total? Now, in this problem, the students have the leisure to fill the gaps with numbers of their choice. After the students choose the numbers of their choice, the solution of the question is adding those two numbers. Now, let us consider another example. Addison had ______ pieces of mangoes in her bowl. She ate some while doing her homework. Now, there are _____ pieces of mangoes left in her bowl. How many pieces did she eat? In this question, students can once again add numbers of their choice. However, here Addison had more pieces of mangoes, and she reduced them after she ate some of them. Here, the students need to be careful in choosing their numbers. The first number should be greater than the second number. This series of worksheets and lessons helps introduce students to the concept of a word problem with simple adding or subtracting found within it.

Printable Worksheets And Lessons

Strategies for Helping Kindergarteners with Math Word Problems

The first thing that students often have difficulty with, at this level, is to understand it is a math problem. If there are no numbers present or they are written word form this will often confuse and even overload a few students. You should start with problems that help build them up emotionally. Make the problems clearly display the values that are to be considered. The next step is to help students learn to identify words or phrases that would indicate the type of operations that they will need to process in order to make sense of this problem. Since we are working with addition and subtraction, we should be looking for the words and phrases that would help us understand which of those operations are at work. For addition we might look for: altogether, combined, increase, and more than. For subtraction we would look for words or phrases such as: fewer, decrease, take away, less than, or difference. The last strategy which I feel has a huge impact on motivation levels of students is to make the math real for students. Put them in a scenario which relates to their everyday life, nothing that you need to introduce them to.