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## Learning to Subtract

#### Precursor to Kindergarten - K.OA.A.3

Tips to Teach Youngsters How to Subtract - Once children have mastered the concepts of addition, they are faced with a challenge of grasping the concepts of subtraction. Children often take up subtraction as the opposite of addition and try subtracting through addition. For example, children learn that 12+24=36 or 36 - 12=24. In this manner, children memorize the sums, but they cannot fully understand subtraction. Youngsters need to understand the concept first if they are to learn fully. Let's have a look at the fun ways to make children understand subtraction. DRAWING OBJECTS - Children learn better with visual representations. Employ this technique with subtraction sums. It is best if you draw the objects or provide them with the worksheets. Explain the given problem to the children. Ask them first to count the objects and then exclude the objects from the problem. Once you have subtracted the objects, prompt children to count the remaining objects. NUMBER LINE - Present your child with a number line ranging from 0 to 10. Recite the problem to the students. For example, if there are 9 cats in the pet store and 2 are adopted. How many are left? Put your pointer on 9 at the number line and move down two numbers to number 7. Ask your child how many cats are left. SUBTRACTION FACTS - You can also employ fact families to make your child learn subtraction. A fact family comprises a set of mathematical facts with the same numbers. In each fact family, there are three numbers. These numbers are added and subtracted in different ways. For example, 10-7=3 and10-3=7 These printable lessons and worksheets introduce students to the concept of subtraction.

### Printable Worksheets and Lessons  #### Lesson Sheets

Students will get into the habit of counting backwards or crossing out objects.

• Lesson 1 - Single digit subtraction can be explained as counting backwards.
• Lesson 2 - This problem asks you to take 6 and count backwards 4 places.
• Lesson 3 - There are 8 flowers in the first group on the left. There are 3 crossed‐ out flowers in the second group.
• Lesson 4 - A baker has 8 cookies. He gives 5 cookies to friends. How many cookies does he have left?
• Lesson 5 - We visit a garden and watch some snails for a while. 5 snails are in the grass. After a few minutes, 3 snails leave. How many snails are still in the grass?

#### Practice Worksheets

The matching worksheet is good for kids who are doing well with the skill.

• Practice 1 - Take the first number (on the top) and count backwards from the number you are subtracting it by (on the bottom).
• Practice 2 - Solve all of the problems found here.
• Practice 3 - Match the subtraction problem to its answer.
• Matching Worksheet - Write the letter of the answer that matches the problem.