Slopes of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
Aligned To Common Core Standard:
Expressing Properties - HSG-GPE.B.5
How to Find the Slope of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines? Finding equations of straight lines and curves is an important concept in coordinate geometry. The first step when finding the equation of a straight line is to find the slope of the line. The slope of the line is "rise over run" and measures the steepness of a straight line. The formula to calculate the slope of a straight line is; m=(y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1) An equation of a straight line is given by; y=mx+c Where "m" is the slope of the line. Did you know that you can find out the slope of the line from a line perpendicular or parallel to it? Well, yes, that is very much possible. Case 1: Parallel Lines - When you are dealing with parallel lines, the slope is equal. Any two equations that have the same value of "m" is an indication that two lines are parallel. Case 2: Perpendicular Lines - When dealing with perpendicular lines, the slope of two lines is negative reciprocals of each other. If a line has a slope of 2, a line perpendicular to it will have a slope of -1/2. The product of the slope of two perpendicular lines is equal to -1. These worksheets and lessons show students how to use what we know about the slope of parallel or perpendicular lines to your advantage.
Printable Worksheets And Lessons
- Analyze Slope
Step-by-step Lesson - Based on the slope, are the lines parallel
- Guided Lesson
- This is a neat skill to practice. Sometimes I sketch the line
to determine it.
- Guided Lesson
Explanation - I revert back to the concepts laid out by the
slop-intercept form to work on this.
- Practice Worksheet
- Man, there are a whole lot of line Cs and D!
Worksheet - You to pay attention in this one and you will be
When you have the same slope as another line, that says a lot about you.
We use to have a running joke in one of my math classes. It went something like this, "Have a different slope than others?"
- Practice 1 - Perpendicular lines have slope that are opposite reciprocals, like (a/b) and (-b/a) the slope also have a product of -1.
- Practice 2 - Line k, which is perpendicular to line j, includes the point (-14, 10). What is the equation of line k?
- Practice 3 - Line c has a slope of (-25/4). Lined has a slope of (-25/4) are line c and d parallel or perpendicular?
Math Skill Quizzes
They are all about determine if a line set is parallel or perpendicular.