# Multiplication and Division Word Problems Worksheets

There are many times that we apply math to real life situations. You will usually come across these in story-based word problems. These are a great opportunity to put what you have been learning, in class, to work for you and see the value that math skills hold for you. By this time, you have learned how to spot the basic operations such as addition and subtraction in word-based problems. There is an approach to spotting the multiplication or division that follows a similar pattern. We often look for keywords or leading words. Multiplication is often indicated by the words "times, total, per, by, product". It is also apparent when you come across fixed terms that indicate a amplification or scaling such as the words "double or triple". Division is a found in terms that ask you to break things into even pieces such as "average, cut, each, out of, parts, shared, and split". These worksheets and lessons will help you begin to identify these types of operations in word problems. You will also learn how to solve them from start to finish.

### Aligned Standard: Grade 3 Operations - 3.OA.3

- Songs In Aggie's Car Step-by-step Lesson- A quick calculation of how much time it takes to listen to a bunch of songs.
- Guided Lesson - Cakes, presents filled with Pepsi, and fruit; this series of problems doesn't get much sweeter.
- Guided Lesson Explanation - I made sure to setup each problem slightly differently. This way students can look at which method they like best.
- Division Word Problems 5-Pack - Repeat practice problems for you to grow with.
- Practice Worksheet - I tried to mix up the operations in each word problem evenly. I initially wrote a whole bunch of two step problems, but scrapped that based on standard.
- Matching Worksheet - Match the visual products to their multiplication sentence. Man, was this one hard to format!

- Answer Keys - These are for all the unlocked materials above.

### Homework Sheets

Students have plenty of space to work with on these.

- Homework 1- Angela has to drive to 3 different locations. The locations are 15 miles away from each other. The first location is also 15 miles from her current location. How many miles did Angela have to drive?
- Homework 2- There are 10 houses in a colony. Only 3 people can stay in one house. How many people can stay in a colony?
- Homework 3- This scooter covers a distance of 5 miles in 1 hour. How much distance would it cover in 12 hours?

### Practice Worksheets

You will find some fun problems in here. My grandkids made sure of it.

- Practice 1- An elephant eats 4 bananas in 1 minute. How many bananas will he eat in 50 minutes?
- Practice 2- Mr. Flash can lift and deliver 2 metal bars in 10 minutes. How many metal bars would he lift and deliver in 80 minutes?
- Practice 3- Little Daisy has 108 flowers in 9 rows. If the flowers are spread evenly, how many flowers are in each row?

### Math Skill Quizzes

The quizzes are in a bit more standard format. Quiz 1 is longer than quiz 2.

- Quiz 1- A hen lays 3 eggs in one month. How many eggs would it lay in 12 months?
- Quiz 2- Bonny the cow can make 6 liters of milk in a day. How much milk can she make in 25 days?

### How to Know If A Word Problem Requires Multiplication?

Word problems do not specifically tell the reader to add, subtract, multiply, or divide. The person solving these types of problems has to use their own understanding to determine what the word problem implies. In comparison to addition and subtraction word problems, the multiplication and division word problems are complex. Every word problem is made of several clue terms and keywords which help a solver determine whether the problem requires addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division. Like all arithmetic problems, even multiplication problems have some keywords that will help kids identify that a word problem requires multiplication. The keywords include; - product - times - in all - double - triple - multiplied by - each - altogether Example: There are three cars parked outside the park, each car has 3 passengers, and they are entering the park altogether. How many people will enter the park? The keywords here are; each and altogether When we multiply 3 by 3, we get 9, which is the number of people entering the park. Example: Mr. Olive bought four egg cartons, each of which has six eggs, and he places all of them in the fridge. How many eggs are there in the fridge? The keyword here is; each Multiplying the number of cartons with the number of eggs in each carton will provide the answer.

### How to Identify Word Problems That Involve Division

The concept of divide one number by another is simply asking to break a value into other groups. For example in the problem: 9 ÷ 3 = . The divisor (3) is indicating that we wish to break the dividend (9) into 3 groups. The divisor indicates the number of groups that we are attempting the dividend into. In this case the quotient value would be 3. Indicating that we could even break 9 items into 3 groups of 3 items. The same basic principle applies when we are seeing other word problems. There are keywords that are often found in division based story problems that can be used to identify this operation. These keywords include the words or phrases: average, break up, equal groups (parts), out of, per, percent, ratio, separate, and split. When you see these words or phrases, you can be quite certain you will be looking for a quotient in your calculations.