# Subtraction Mad Minutes

What are some quick ways to learn subtraction math facts? Math becomes easy and simple for kids who have mastered the basic math facts. The longer a kid takes to memorize the math facts, the more difficult math will become for them. If you want your kids to start loving math, make sure they learn the basic math facts.
As compared to addition, subtraction is a bit challenging for kids. Not knowing the subtractions facts can make it difficult for kids to solve subtraction sums and problems effectively. Here are some quick ways to teach the kids subtraction math facts.
**Jump and Hop Math Facts** - Kids just love it when they get to play in their study time. You can turn the study time into a hop-scotch game. It is a fun way to memorize the subtraction math facts in a reduced timeframe.
**The Fact of the Day** - Our young ones are eager to learn new things every day. Use the subtraction math facts like the fact of the day, and you will be surprised how quickly your kids will begin to memorize the facts.
**Using Visuals** - Visual education is better than verbal education. You can use objects and images to teach your kid the subtraction math facts. Using flashcards, flashlights, and their toys to teach them, the subtraction facts will work perfectly.
These worksheets work on quick math subtraction facts with the problems being arranged horizontally.

### Aligned Standard: Grade 1 Operations - 1.OA.6

- Numbers Line Step-by-Step Lesson- Mike was delivering packages. Mike started the day with 8 packages he delivered 5 packages, how many packages does he have left?
- Matching Sheet- Find the difference to the problem and match them up. We are looking at the end difference.
- Worksheet 1 - A rapid practice set for you. It may be helpful to use a numbers line to display the values.
- Mad Minute 1 - 30 problems and 60 seconds on the clock. This is the original Mad Minute Subtraction.

- Answer Keys - These are for all the unlocked materials above.

### Practice Worksheets

This should be a great resource for you to use as review sheets. All these single digit differences are set up in a horizontal fashion.

- Practice 2 - The answer keys are the second page of everything for all these practice worksheets.
- Practice 3 - Pace yourself. Some students do the problems left to right.
- Practice 4 - Other students will have greater success going through the problems top to bottom.
- Practice 5 - These problems are front heavy an can throw some students for a change up of sorts.
- Practice 6 - Remember that using a simple numbers line can always be used here.
- Practice 7 - As you do more of these worksheets you will start to see patterns.
- Practice 8 - How are these problems aligned differently for the previous sets?
- Practice 9 - Doing two of these sheets a day will help you dramatically.
- Practice 10 - Why not try to do one of these sheets backwards rather than start from the top.
- Practice 11 - You will notice that these get less challenging, the more you do them.
- Practice 12 - For extra credit, I will sometimes have students write a set of alternative problems that create the same exact differences.

### Mad Minutes

60 seconds are on the clock, 30 problems are on each sheet for your to solve.

- Mad Minute 2 - This is the more traditional form that you may be used to.
- Mad Minute 3 - These are just like the practice pages, problem wise. They just pack in more problems.
- Mad Minute 4 - To be successful here you must correctly complete a problem every two seconds.
- Mad Minute 5 - See if you can complete this one in under forty-five seconds.

### Great Routines for Using Subtraction Mad Minutes

There are many different strategies that can help students learn to master their math facts. I have found that using the mad minute routine with my students regularly has been rewarding and faster than other systems that I have used. It is mostly because it is a competition-based strategy that students, for the most part, do not shy away from. This is because you are competing with an intangible inanimate thing, time or more exact the clock. I have in the past had students compete against the clock and one another. The winner would be the person who completed it correctly in the least amount of time. I find that this technique fizzles because some of the weaker students decide not to give their best effort. Focusing on pitting them against the clock takes the negative social connotations out of it and makes it more of a cooperative approach. If I have a very bright class, I will often start with thirty problems on each worksheet and then every few days repeat it with students but adding additional problems. About five years ago I had a class get to seventy-right problems, that was the entire group.

As far as an exact routine goes with Subtraction Mad Minutes, each teacher is best to approach this in a manner that best fits their class procedures. I found that it helpful to do either first thing or last thing each school day. However, you set up your routine make sure that it is consistent. Kids thrive on consistency. I would recommend that you do it the same time of day, each day. Use the same time device each time you do this. Some teachers prefer using fixed number sheets rather than mixed subtrahend sheets. In my experience both work fairly well. I used the fixed strategy early in my career, but for the last decade I have used the mixed number versions.